Poultry Production Status, Major Constraints’ and Future Prospective

Document Type : Review Article


1 Jimma Shashamane Bale Robe

2 Jimma university

3 Jimma university, Ethiopia


Poultry production is a sector of livestock production to gain meat, egg and other products from domesticated bird species which includes chicken, ostrich, turkey, duck, fowl guinea and others. The poultry production is different from countries to countries due to different situation of regions depend on economic activities, environmental situation and cultural aspects of society and other impacts. With this in mind, the current aimed to review the studies to revise the current status of poultry productions, highlight the constraints in poultry productions, and estimate the future fate of poultry productions. In many societies, poultry plays an important socio-cultural role. Diseases, market problems, feed resources, lack of proper housing, predators, as well as social and cultural constraints are all obstacles to the future growth of the poultry industry. Despite, the presence of large chicken population in Ethiopia, contribution to the national economy or benefit exploited is very limited due to diseases, predators and veterinary services. The main disease affect the chicken in Ethiopia includes viral disease (Newcastle disease), gastrointestinal parasitosis, ectoparasitosis, aspergilosis and different bacterial infection due to lack of biosecurity. In addition predators of chicken imposed on poultry production in Ethiopia are wild mammals locally called ama, cats and birds(vultures). However, the poultry production system has a bright future since different local and international humanitarian organization have recognized that addressing this sector will benefit the poorest and most disadvantaged people in developing nations. With the need for increased animal protein sources in the world, there is general agreement that these areas are going to witness further expansion in the current decades. Therefore, it is recommended to increase productivity through improvements in health, good management and control of predators should be encouraged.


Volume 1, Issue 1
September 2022
Pages 22-28
  • Receive Date: 08 March 2022
  • Revise Date: 12 May 2022
  • Accept Date: 25 June 2022
  • First Publish Date: 03 July 2022